To this turn were added the changes generated in the Whatsapp Mobile Number List other two scenarios identified at the beginning of this article, which mutated into the field of conflict. First, it was the government of Guyana presided over by David Granger that distanced itself from Venezuela. Granger assumed a line of confrontation by ignoring the Geneva Whatsapp Mobile Number List Agreement of 1966 and threatened to go to the International Court of Justice, while signing a unilateral agreement with the transnational company Exxon Mobil to explore and exploit oil and gas resources in Whatsapp Mobile Number List maritime areas not delimited and framed in the territorial conflict, which generated tensions in bilateral relations.
The other scenario built under the political-ideological Whatsapp Mobile Number List affinity collapsed in 2016 with the removal of Dilma Rousseff from the Presidency of Brazil and the immediate rupture of relations between Maduro and Michel Temer. Thus, a Whatsapp Mobile Number List strategic alliance ended abruptly without positive results for the borders, despite the formation of the Working Group on Border Development, which never addressed the growing and Whatsapp Mobile Number List complex problems of the states of Amazonas and Bolívar, affected by the environmental destruction and violence caused by mining extractivism.
While the geopolitical scenarios changed, the Whatsapp Mobile Number List borders were reinforced as spaces of confrontation, especially with neighboring Colombia. As has been shown in countless case studies, closing borders does not solve problems, on the Whatsapp Mobile Number List contrary, it aggravates them and creates new niches of conflict. We can also corroborate this at the borders of Venezuela and Colombia, especially during the year of closure 2015-2016. This decision affected geographies with close socio-spatial organizations in their bordering locations Whatsapp Mobile Number List and intense cross-border mobility.